Yeast Infection During Pregnancy

Yeast infections, or Candidiasis, are commonly caused by the fungus Candida albicans and usually occur in the moist and warm regions of the body.

The occurrence of Candidiasis is most common among females between sixteen and thirty-five years old. But it can also occur in younger and older age groups. Boys and men can get infected too, although this is quite rare.

Although yeast is fairly widespread, it's often found in minute amounts in the mouth, digestive tract, the skin and vagina. Changes that occur within the body's environment can cause yeast to overgrow and lead to infections.

Yeast infection during pregnancy is very common due to the many changes that the body undergoes at this time. A high acidity level in the vaginal area can help control the growth of Candida, however, there is an increase in the amount of sugar in vaginal secretions during the second trimester of the pregnancy, and the yeast feeds on this sugar.

Other causes of yeast infections are the use of steroids, which are anti-inflammatory agents that can diminish the body's ability to ward off infections. They can also increase sugar levels present in the blood and vagina, which can cause an overgrowth of yeast.

Diabetic women are prone to Candidiasis for two reasons. First, unregulated diabetes interferes with the immune system's capacity to fight various infections, and secondly, elevated blood sugars increase sugar levels in the vaginal region, enabling yeast to multiply.

The time of month prior to a woman's period is the same time her body produces a lot of blood sugar. Also, the abrupt changes in hormonal levels can cause the infection.

A common side effect of oral antibiotics is Candidiasis. When antibiotics attack harmful bacteria, they can also kill bacteria present in the vagina, causing yeast overgrowth.

Certain habits can trigger the infection, for example, wearing tight clothing and synthetic underwear, wearing swimsuits for extended periods, douching and wiping in the from-rear-to-front direction after using the restroom.

Frail immune systems reduce the body's capability to keep infections like Candidiasis at bay.

Once pregnant, there is no evidence that a yeast infection can harm the baby or cause birth defects. The symptoms of yeast infection during pregnancy are as follows:

  • Redness and swelling in the vaginal area
  • Inflamed urinary opening
  • Frequent urination
  • Painful urination
  • Swollen vulva
  • Appearance of small fissures
  • Thick and white discharge
  • Painful intercourse

Yeast infection treatment is pretty simple. But the first step toward treatment is getting accurate diagnoses from a qualified medical professional. Other infections have symptoms similar to those of yeast infections but require altogether different treatments. A doctor might request a urine sample to rule out UTI (urinary tract infection) along with some vaginal discharge for microscopic examination. People should make certain they actually have yeast infections before starting any kind of yeast infection treatment.

For those who do have yeast infections, their doctor will likely prescribe pills, vaginal suppositories or creams. All the above medication types can clear up yeast infection symptoms in a matter of days and get rid of the infection within a week's time. It's critical that patients take the medications for the entire time the doctor specified. Stopping too early could lead to the infection returning.

Failure to treat this infection can result in the infection being passed to the baby during birth through the mouth.

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